In this section, you can find information regarding the concept of „cluster”, in general, and factsheets of existing clusters in our region, which can contribute to the increasing of regional competitiveness.
Clusters are geographic concentrations of economic entities (specialized suppliers, service providers, companies from related industries) and associated institutions (universities, research institutes, governmental agencies, professional training providers, etc.), from certain industrial branches. The concept of cluster was introduced in economic policy by Michael Porter and can be also found in Romanian legislation (HG 918/2006), which is defining the cluster as „a group of producers, users and / or beneficiaries, in order to implement the best practices from the European Union, in order to increase the competitiveness of economic operators."
From the advantages of being a cluster member, it can be mentioned:
- A common associative structure offers the best prices to its members on facilities for testing, certification and promotion of new products and technologies;
- Access to information and training is visibly improved;
- Industrial agglomeration of similar companies attract, develop and benefit from capital labor with a common set of skills;
- Catalyst organizations bring and benefit from the transfer of know-how;
- Access to financing sources, including the development of joint investment projects is improved;
- The cluster, seen as an association of companies across the value chain, is facilitating competitiveness of the current markets, specialization and opening on new markets;
- On "business clusters", ideas, knowledge, are spread more easily from one company to another;
- The involvement of academics and research&development brings access to innovation of the business sector of the cluster.
The specific actions of North-East Regional Development Agency in support of the concept of regional clusters have resulted in:
- Support for setting up the first cluster in the region - ASTRICO Northeast and later other two clusters: IMAGO-MOL and IND-AGRO-POL;
- Elaborate North-East Region’s Smart Specialization Strategy which includes the sectors with potential for smart specialization of the region (clothing, textile, IT & C (including new media), agro food, biotechnologies) and including a field of intervention dedicated to supporting existing and emerging clustering initiatives, to support the development of regional innovation system in the North-East Regional Development Plan 2014-2020;
- Inventory and description of existing clusters in the North-East Region and update data contained in Cluster Observatory for these organizations; qualitative and quantitative analysis of cluster policy in Romania, within the project ClusterPoliSEE (Smart Policies for Clusters in South East Europe).
Until now, at the level of North-East Region there are 7 clusters in different sectors such as: medical imaging cluster Imago-Mol Iasi, textile cluster ASTRICO Nord-Est, tourism cluster APT Bucovina, cluster IT New Media – ICONIC Iasi, agro food Ind-Agro-Pol, cluster IT&C - EURONEST IT&C HUB Iasi, biotechnology cluster bioROne. Most of these clusters are members in National Association of Clusters from Romania (CLUSTERO), some being also founders (ASTRICO Nord-Est). Here you can find the 7 clusters factsheets: